How Does A Brain Haemorrhage Occur? What Are Its Consequences?

How Does A Brain Haemorrhage Occur? What Are Its Consequences?


Your brain is a true marvel, capable of incredible memory, creativity, and problem-solving feats. But when things go wrong, seeking the best possible care is essential. One such condition that can strike unexpectedly is a brain haemorrhage. From high blood pressure to head injuries, there are many potential causes of this serious medical condition. 

But do not worry – if you need top-notch treatment options, look no further than Bansal Hospital Bhopal! As the best hospital in Madhya Pradesh, they offer unparalleled care and attention to their patients. So do not wait if you suspect a brain haemorrhage or any other medical issue, contact the experts at Bansal Hospital today!

But what exactly happens during a brain haemorrhage, and what are the consequences? Here, we will delve into the nitty-gritty of this condition, discussing how it occurs and what symptoms you might experience. 

Table Of Content 

  1. What Is Brain Haemorrhage? 
  2. Types Of Brain Haemorrhage
  3. Brain Haemorrhage Causes 
  4. Brain Haemorrhage Symptoms
  5. Brain Haemorrhage Treatment 
  6. Internal Bleeding In The Brain 
  7. CT Subarachnoid Haemorrhage
  8. Expert Advice
  9. Final Say 
  10. FAQs 

What Is Brain Haemorrhage?

An intracranial haemorrhage, better known as a brain haemorrhage, is like a ticking time bomb in your head. So it is when bleeding occurs within the brain or surrounding membranes, causing severe medical problems and risking your life. This is because the brain depends on a continuous flow of nutrients and oxygen through a network of blood vessels. But when one of these vessels bursts or leaks, blood spills into the surrounding area, creating pressure and potentially damaging brain tissue. The major brain haemorrhage symptoms include an unexpectedly bad headache, unsteadiness in a leg or arm, nausea or diarrhoea, changes in vision or feeling tingly or numb.

Types Of Brain Haemorrhage 

Brain haemorrhage is a severe medical condition, and it is essential to know its major types. The significant brain haemorrhage types of: 

1. Intracerebral Haemorrhage

This bleeding occurs inside the brain tissue, frequently due to minor artery ruptures or high blood pressure. It may happen independently due to trauma, vascular abnormalities, or drug usage.

2. Subarachnoid Haemorrhage

This type of bleeding takes place in the area known as the subarachnoid space, which is located between the brain and the delicate tissues that cover it. It frequently results from the rupture of an aneurysm, a weak spot in the blood artery wall.

3. Epidural Haemorrhage

In this kind of haemorrhage, bleeding occurs between the dura mater, the brain’s outer protective layer, and the skull. A severe head injury that tears an artery and floods the area with blood frequently causes it.

4. Subdural Haemorrhage

Head trauma frequently results in bleeding between the dura mater and the brain’s surface, especially in older people with weaker blood vessels.

Causes Of Brain Haemorrhage  

There are various brain haemorrhage reasons or causes, including:

1. Uncontrolled Hypertension 

It is a substantial risk factor for brain haemorrhages. Hypertension is high blood pressure. Long-term high blood pressure can erode blood vessel walls, increasing the risk of rupture.

2. Aneurysm

An aneurysm is a weak spot or bulge in a blood vessel’s wall. For example, a brain haemorrhage may result from a brain aneurysm rupture. Aneurysms may be congenital (existing at birth) or progressive, developing over time due to diseases like hypertension or underlying illnesses.

3. Traumatic Brain Injury

Brain haemorrhages may arise from severe head injuries brought on by mishaps, falls, or physical attacks. The blow may harm blood vessels and result in brain haemorrhage.

4. Arteriovenous Malformation (AVM)

During foetal development, the brain develops an aberrant network of blood vessels called an AVM. A haemorrhage may result from bleeding from the twisted vessels.

5. Brain Tumours

If they alter or harm blood arteries, brain tumours may result in bleeding.

6. Drug Abuse

Illicit drugs that elevate blood pressure and increase the risk of a brain haemorrhage include cocaine and amphetamines.

Brain Haemorrhage Symptoms

The major brain haemorrhage symptoms are:

  1. An unexpectedly severe headache
  2. Unsteadiness in a leg or arm
  3. Nausea or diarrhoea
  4. Decreased alertness and sluggishness
  5. Changes in vision
  6. Feeling tingly or numb
  7. Speaking or reading speech with difficulty
  8. Swallowing issues, writing or reading issues
  9. Loss of fine motor abilities, including tremors in the hands
  10. Inability to coordinate
  11. Loss of balance

Brain Haemorrhage Treatments

The type, location, and intensity of the brain haemorrhage and the patient’s general condition all affect how the bleeding is treated. In situations of brain haemorrhage, prompt medical intervention is essential to limit damage and avoid additional complications. Here are a few typical treatment methods:

1. Stabilisation

Stabilising the patient’s condition is the first stage in treating a brain haemorrhage. This may entail controlling blood pressure, guaranteeing adequate oxygenation, and using additional supporting measures to keep essential functions working.

2. Endovascular Techniques

These minimally invasive procedures entail inserting a catheter into the body to reach the blood vessels. Examples include the insertion of stents to strengthen weak blood artery walls or coil embolisation, which involves inserting small coils into an aneurysm to stop blood flow.

3. Medication 

It can treat brain haemorrhage symptoms, regulate blood pressure, and stop further bleeding. In addition, anticonvulsants may be administered to prevent or control seizures, whereas antihypertensive medications can assist lower blood pressure.

4. Supportive Treatment

Patients with brain haemorrhages frequently need supportive care and close observation. This may entail activities like maintaining fluid balance, monitoring intracranial pressure, ensuring enough oxygenation, and offering physical therapy or rehabilitation to address neurological deficiencies.

5. Rehabilitation

It plays a critical role in maximising recovery after initial therapy and stabilisation. Occupational therapy, physical therapy, interventions and speech therapy may be used in rehabilitation programmes to assist people in restoring lost skills and coping with any long-lasting impairments.

Internal Bleeding In Brain 

Intracranial haemorrhage, another name for internal bleeding in the brain, occurs inside the brain or its surrounding membranes. It is a dangerous medical illness that has the potential to be fatal and cause substantial neurological problems. There are various forms of intracranial haemorrhage, including:

CT Subarachnoid Haemorrhage 

An imaging method that is frequently used to identify and assess subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) is a CT (computed tomography) scan. SAH is the medical term for bleeding in the subarachnoid space, the region between the brain and the delicate membranes. Radiologists look for several specific findings when a CT scan is done to check for a subarachnoid haemorrhage. These conclusions comprise:

1. Hyperdensity

On a CT scan, subarachnoid blood appears as brighter or whiter patches than the surrounding brain tissue. Hyperdensity in particular brain regions is a sign of blood in the subarachnoid space. The location and pattern of the blood on the CT scan can reveal important details about the cause and extent of the bleeding. For example, blood may indicate a ruptured aneurysm if dispersed evenly throughout the subarachnoid space. 

2. CT Angiography

To see the blood vessels and locate the cause of the subarachnoid haemorrhage, a CT angiography (CTA) may be carried out in some circumstances. Aneurysms or other vascular anomalies that may have contributed to the bleeding can be found with the aid of CTA.

3. Associated discoveries

The CT scan can show additional significant findings in addition to screening for the presence of subarachnoid blood. Symptoms of elevated intracranial pressure, such as brain enlargement or midline shift, may accompany a more severe subarachnoid haemorrhage.

Expert Advice

A brain haemorrhage is a severe medical condition that can have devastating consequences. Everyone needs to know how a health problem develops and what could happen. As a result, to keep themselves healthy and safe.

A balanced diet, weight management, stress management, and foods high in antioxidants can help manage this condition. In addition, maintaining proper hydration is essential for both general health and brain function. 

The Final Say 

When treating a brain haemorrhage, there are some key recommendations to remember. A balanced diet rich in nutrients and techniques for managing blood pressure is essential. Foods high in antioxidants and omega-3 fatty acids are also important for staying hydrated and managing medication and nutrient interactions. And let us not forget about weight management! 

But when it comes to getting the latest and most high-tech care for patients, look no further than the neurology department of Bansal Hospital Bhopal. With top-notch treatment options and a team of skilled professionals, you can rest assured that you’ll be in good hands.


  1. How to prevent brain haemorrhage?

Control blood pressure, abstain from tobacco and excessive alcohol, exercise frequently, eat a healthy diet, manage stress, maintain a healthy weight, treat underlying conditions, adhere to medication instructions, abstain from illicit drugs, and schedule regular medical checkups to prevent brain haemorrhage.

  1. How does brain haemorrhage occur?

The significant causes of brain haemorrhage are:

  1. High blood pressure
  2. Trauma
  3. Aneurysms
  4. Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs)
  5. Problems with blood coagulation.

About Bansal Hospital

Bansal Hospital is a multispeciality hospital and is one of the leading and reliable healthcare providers trusted by patients across the region. It has all the major departments, including cardiology, neurology, oncology, gastroenterology, liver transplant, bone marrow transplantation, nephrology, gynaecology and more. The hospital is equipped with state-of-the-art facilities and technology. 

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