Cataract surgery: Procedure, Risks, and Complications – Bansal Hospital

Cataract Surgery: Procedure, Risks, and Complications

Cataract Surgery: Procedure, Risks, and Complications

The eyes are the most sensitive body organ, any defect in them might invite a complete loss of vision. There are various habits and diseases related to the eye which might affect your vision in the longer run.

Cataract is the most commonly occurring eye defect, seen among the elderly, usually in people aged above 50. If you are suffering from a Cataract, your doctor might suggest you to go for a cataract surgery to restore your vision. 

This blog tells everything you would need to know about cataract surgery, why you would need it, and what is the procedure of surgery. 

What is cataract surgery? Why would you need it? 

Cataract surgery is a procedure to remove your eye lens and replace it with an artificial lens to support a clear vision. Every year thousands of cataract surgeries are performed to correct the vision of people with such a vision defect.  

People in their old age might start experiencing haziness in their vision, due to the development of a cloudy layer in front of the eye lens, which usually cannot be corrected with eyeglasses, contact lenses, or LASIK surgery procedures. 

Facing problems with vision and still delaying appointments might lead to the seriousness of this disease. 

People with advanced cataract conditions might experience other problems related to the eye like glare, light sensitivity, dullness of colours, a halo around lights, haziness, and shadow around objects while looking at distant or near objects. 

These all might lead to you facing difficulty performing basic tasks like driving at night or working on your laptop & mobile screens. 

In such a case going for cataract surgery might be the only safer option. 

Cataract surgery: the procedure 

Before the surgery : 

A week or two before the surgery your cataract eye surgeon might perform a painless ultrasound test to analyze the shape & size of your eye, this process helps determine the right type of lens implant. 

You will be provided a choice out of different intraocular lenses (IOL) available,  made of plastic, silicon, or acrylic. Choose the comfortable & right fit for your eyes in discussion with your eye surgeon. 

During the surgery : 

Cataract surgery is usually performed by an eye doctor(ophthalmologist) on an outpatient basis, which means you are not required to stay in the hospital after the surgery. 

For a painless experience, your doctor will apply numbing eye drops to your eyes.  Once you are ready for the surgery, the cataract surgeon will make a tiny cut on the side of your cornea(the clear outer layer at the front of your eye). 

A laser can also be used to perform this step. Then after a small surgical tool is passed through this incision to emulsify the cataract and gently suction it out. The cloudy impaired lens is removed during the procedure and an artificial lens is implanted in its place. 

After the surgery : 

After the surgery is done successfully your normal vision begins to restore after a period of a few days, as your eye heals and adjusts to the newly fitted lens. 

You might also face some discomfort initially with your sight, like an increased intensity of colors, or itching in the eyes. You must refrain from unnecessarily rubbing or pushing your eyes. 

The discomfort disappears within a few days. In case of a persistent feeling of uneasiness, days after the surgery is performed, you should immediately contact your doctor. 

Overall cataract surgery is an easy procedure that might only foster mild discomfort during the whole process. Most patients who undergo cataract surgery recover really well. About 99 percent of the time, it works.

Risks and complications

With a greater success rate, there are fewer risks involved with this vision correction procedure, in rare cases patients might experience corneal swelling and/or inflammation in the eyes, with a long-lasting and persistent feeling of discomfort in the eyes. If the side effects continue, it is necessary to visit your doctor at the earliest. 

For more eye-related disorders, visit Bansal Hospital’s Ophthalmology department, which has an expert team of eye specialists and surgeons working round the clock to provide the best eye care treatments in town. 

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