What are fibroids? And how do they affect fertility in women?

What are fibroids? And how do they affect fertility in women?

What are fibroids? And how do they affect fertility in women?

Infertility, although a less common disorder, is a stressful condition, occurring in women. Which might lead to excessive mental turmoil for them.

There could be many causes that might lead to the birth of this disorder in women, one of the most common causes of it is the formation of fibroids inside or near the uterine wall.

Here, we give you an insight into what fibroids actually are and do they really affect fertility in women, along with an expert byte from Dr. Priya Bhave Chittawar (Reproductive medicine specialist at Bansal Hospital, Bhopal).

Table of Contents

What are fibroids?
Types of fibroids?
Fibroids: Treatment

What are fibroids?

Fibroids are benign(non-cancerous) tumors, formed in the muscle tissues of the uterus. Also commonly known as myomas or leiomyomas.

Fibroids develop when a single muscle cell in the uterine wall multiplies and expands to produce a benign tumour. They can alter the uterus’ size or shape, as well as the size of the cervix(occasionally).

In some cases, fibroids are meant to affect fertility in women. But all fibroids are not necessarily harmful or responsible for the condition of infertility.

Types of fibroids?

There are three most common types of fibroids found in women, these are ;

1. Intramural fibroids

 these are located inside the uterus walls, if these are greater than 5cm in size, or if one of its corners touches the uterus walls, in such cases, it can be a significant cause of infertility in women.

2. Submucosal fibroids

these are located quite near the uterus lining , most of the time these are the main reason for the condition of infertility in women,

3. Subserosal fibroids

the presence of subserosal fibroids does not disturb the fertility of women in any form.

Fibroids: Treatment

There are the following three factors that your doctor might take into consideration before recommending the ideal treatment for fibroids,

  • Size of fibroid: fibroids greater than 5cm are considered significant.
  • Location: if it is closer to the uterus lining, it is extremely necessary to remove it, in other cases it hardly affects the fertility of women.
  • Number of fibroids: if they are larger in number, they should be treated early.

Other factors affecting fertility in women : 

  • Age
  • Husband’s semen analysis
  • If the fallopian tubes are open
  • Endometriosis

Medical treatment is generally not recommended to treat fibroids or infertility existing in women due to any reasons. Going for IVF is the safest option that your doctor might suggest for women with the condition of infertility.

According to Dr. Priya Bhave Chittawar, there are few injections available that reduce the size of fibroids for a certain time period, during which time, the gynecologist can prefer to perform the IVF technique on the patient.

In case of existing advanced symptoms over time, the doctor generally advises getting the fibroid removed surgically. In over 99% of the cases, the treatment is done using the Myomectomy(a surgical procedure to remove uterine fibroids) procedure.

It is to be considered that fibroids are extremely common. In almost 60-70 % of the cases, the fibroids are left untreated. Women with fibroids who are aged greater than 45 are often advised to remove the whole uterus and not just the fibroid.

Other treatment procedures to get rid of fibroids surgically : 

  • Hysteroscopy
  • Laparoscopy

After receiving the requisite treatment from your medical specialist, after an interval period of 3 to 4 months, the patient can try for pregnancy.

We hope the above-mentioned information would have been worth eliminating all kinds of dilemmas surrounding fibroids. For any existing doubts and confusion related to the existence & formation of fibroids, visit a certified reproductive medicine specialist near you.

Bansal Hospital, Bhopal has a dedicated department for any kind of disorders related to reproductive health in women. Dr. Priya Bhave has years of experience in treating such kinds of disorders and is one of the most trusted Reproductive medicine specialists & gynecologists in the city.

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